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  • user 7:07 pm on 31st August 2019 Permalink | Reply  

    State of the Modern World Address — August 2019 

    Prometheus.
    “In the Western classical tradition, Prometheus became a figure who represented human striving, particularly the quest for scientific knowledge, and the risk of overreaching or unintended consequences.” — Wikipedia

    TECH

    Some Programmers Conspire To Serve Mother Nature

    https://fixathon.io/

    Your Email Inboxes Are Heating up the Planet

    https://blog.leavemealone.app/clean-your-inbox-save-the-planet/

    The Cost of Modern Tech and Luxuries: Slavery

    https://carrcenter.hks.harvard.edu/news/your-phone-tainted-misery-35000-children-congos-mines

    https://foodispower.org/human-labor-slavery/slavery-chocolate/

    https://labs.theguardian.com/unicef-child-labour/

    https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-05-01/chinese-factory-slave-explains-why-manufacturing-jobs-are-never-coming-back-america

    The Internet is Making Us Stupider

    Also available on Libgen.is. Give your spare money to charities!

    GLOBAL

    US Army Pollutes Like There’s No Tomorrow

    https://theconversation.com/us-military-is-a-bigger-polluter-than-as-many-as-140-countries-shrinking-this-war-machine-is-a-must-119269

    Humanity is Winning the War against Biodiversity

    Why We Need Biodiversity in Our Crops

    http://thescienceexplorer.com/nature/why-we-need-biodiversity-our-crops

    Global Food Crisis Ongoing

    https://duckduckgo.com/?q=drought&t=hr&iar=news&ia=news

    Rapid Mass Extinction of Languages and Cultural Diversity

    https://www.kcrw.com/culture/shows/scheer-intelligence/the-sordid-story-behind-the-mass-extinction-of-languages

    NORTH AMERICA

    Ongoing Destruction of Native American Biodiversity

    Rapid Deforestation of North American Rainforest

    Fruits and Vegetables Becoming Less Nutritious

    https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/soil-depletion-and-nutrition-loss/

    Agriculture Becoming Increasingly Toxic

    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/aug/07/americas-dependence-on-pesticides-especially-neonics-is-a-war-on-nature

    GREENLAND

    Greenland is Melting!

    https://weather.com/photos/news/2019-08-20-greenland-melting-glaciers

    SOUTH AMERICA

    Monsters Burn the Amazon Forest Like Never Before

    https://www.npr.org/2019/08/19/752529425/brazils-amazon-rainforest-is-disappearing-under-president-jair-bolsonaro

    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-29/brazil-s-neighbors-are-also-burning-and-poisoning-the-amazon?srnd=markets-vp


    Amazonian Tribes Have Outdated Weaponry

    Brazilian Army Fights Fires

    https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/planes-dump-water-amazon-brazil-army-begins-fighting-fires-190826014239300.html

    ARCTIC

    The Arctic is Burning!

    RUSSIA

    Russia is burning!

    https://www.vox.com/2019/8/1/20750200/siberia-wildfire-russia-fire-smoke-trump-putin

    EUROPE

    Europe is Getting Really Hot!

    https://e360.yale.edu/digest/europe-is-warming-faster-than-even-climate-models-projected

    AFRICA

    Africa is Burning!

    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-23/more-fires-now-burning-in-angola-congo-than-amazon-maps

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8066871.stm

    CHILD-REARING

    Teach Your Kids How and Why To Grow Food

    https://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/children-growing-their-own-food-zbcz1811

    GREEK MYTHOLOGY

    In Greek mythology, the Titan Prometheus had a reputation as being something of a clever trickster, and he famously gave the human race the gift of fire and the skill of metalwork, an action for which he was punished by Zeus, who condemned Prometheus to being chained to a rock and having his liver eaten by an eagle every day, and then regenerated so it could be eaten again the next day, over and over and over again.

    “In the Western classical tradition, Prometheus became a figure who represented human striving, particularly the quest for scientific knowledge, and the risk of overreaching or unintended consequences.” — Wikipedia

    (Post by Edgar Smith)

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 7th July 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: CDC, drought, drought effects on crops, effects of drought, effects of drought of mosquito behavior, effects of drought on food prices, effects of drought on human mental health, , importance of water, , toxic chemicals in fish and drought   

    The health implications of severe drought 


    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

    Severe drought can be the catalyst for the spread of infectious disease, famine, and increased stress causing behavioral dysfunction in both humans, animals and insects.
    Severe drought impacts the lives of living creatures in many ways that are still not completely understood by professionals nor documented by statistics, according to an advanced study by the CDC (Center for Disease Control) in their publication titled “When Every Drop Counts: Protecting Public Health during Drought Conditions – A Guide for Public Health Professionals.”

    However, what is currently known regarding the effects of severe drought has been documented in this publication, and professionals from many agencies around the world are working on solutions and further knowledge regarding the effects of drought. According to the CDC, droughts and intense precipitation, due to climate change and the natural cycle of water distribution, may become more severe as life progresses further into the 21st century.

    Water, the essential ingredient to life
    Water is an essential ingredient to life
    . Without water humans, animals, and vegetation cannot survive. According to the CDC, “Water should be considered a scarce and valuable resource.”  Most of earth’s water is saltwater at 97 percent. The remaining drinkable fresh water is only three percent but most of that is locked in glaciers and ice.

    Respiratory effects of severe drought
    How does severe drought affect the health of human beings and animals alike? Severe drought caused by the lack of precipitation, which in turn with high temperatures causes wildfires to burn out of control, causing soil to dry up and the air to become polluted with more particulate matter, can cause respiratory problems in humans with chronic conditions such as asthma. Poor air quality can also cause respiratory infections such as bacterial pneumonia.

    Toxic chemicals in fish and shellfish

    What about fish trying to survive in dried up lakes, ponds, and streams, or ponds, rivers, and streams where the water is lower than normal?

    The livelihood of a community might rely on fishing as a main source of income or as a food staple. What happens to fish and humans when a severe drought has impacted this type of community?

    Toxic chemicals increase in lower water levels. These toxic chemicals accumulate in the local fish in higher levels than normal. When humans and other animals eat the fish exposed to concentrated levels of these toxins they can be exposed to increased levels of toxins that can cause illness. Drought causes higher water temperatures. These higher water temperatures can affect the spread of bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases in fish and shellfish.

    Livestock
    Livestock can also be adversely affected by severe drought. Livestock can become “malnourished, diseased, and die.”

    Crops
    Crops are also affected negatively by severe drought, such as soybeans and corn. These are staple crops needed for both the feeding of livestock and humans. Hay fields normally foraged by livestock in their quest for food dry up, so how do livestock such as cows and pigs survive? Farmers might rely on irrigation and the recycling of water. But the recycling of water has its drawbacks such as being more susceptible to disease and pathogens such as salmonella and E. coli.

    The price of food
    When crops fail, the price of food rises, which impacts the ability of humans to buy nutritious foods, which can impact whole families in their ability to provide good meals for their children, causing malnutrition among humans.

    Mental health
    As farmers, horticulturists, gardeners, and other people are impacted by severe drought they may become despondent with mental conditions arising such as depression, anxiety, stress over financial conditions and food shortages. Drought can cause higher instances of suicide or suicidal behavior.

    Mosquito-borne illness

    Drought is also a cause of mosquito-borne illnesses such as West Nile Virus. The behavior of insects such as mosquitoes and ticks can also change with them looking for habitats that support their lifestyles. Mosquitoes may move closer to human areas where they can find dripping hoses or stagnant puddles causing increased incidences of humans contracting mosquito-borne disease. There may be increased contact of mosquitoes with birds, giving way to diseases such as St. Louis encephalitis.

    Conclusion
    Severe drought can cause many health and health-related conditions in humans and wildlife. It is important to understand that water is a precious resource and essential to life. Drought is a natural phenomenon, but can be exacerbated by humans trying to control natural ecosystems. According to the CDC, “urban expansion and development without regard to existing water supply and water system capacity can trigger a human induced drought.”
    Drought-caused illness is an important consideration to be made aware of. From crops that fail to dying livestock, from famine and malnutrition to mental health problems such as suicide and depression, severe drought has made its impact on the livelihood of both humans and wildlife around the world. The Southwestern states of the US have suffered considerably with crop failure and the resultant health and economic after-effects. With climate change and its effect on temperatures around the world, we may see more and more drought conditions causing famine, food shortages, economic failure, and greater incidences of drought-caused illness.
    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 7th June 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: causes of world hunger, , increasing food production, increasing hunger, population growth,   

    World Hunger Increasing despite Growth in Food Production 


    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey
    World hunger keeps rising, especially in the developing world of the Indian subcontinent and sub-Saharan Africa, although there is steady growth in world food production. Food production is rising, but according to some sources it may peak due to climate change and global warming causing food production to fall even in the developed countries of which there is some indication that this is already beginning to happen. However, for now, world food production has been steadily rising, although falling in some areas such as in grains.
    Although there is steady growth in world food production, this growth may be concentrated in a few areas such as in developed countries as opposed to developing countries. Regional hunger and poverty is due to wars, political instability, and natural disasters. Also the population around the world is steadily rising, causing more food to be needed by all world peoples.
    Population Growth
    In all countries everywhere the population continues to grow, putting a strain on the world’s food supplies. Although a country may be at war, causing political instability, the citizens of that country continue to live their lives, marrying and having families. Therefore with more people each country will need more food. But if the country is poor, food supplies will dwindle. The people themselves may not have the power or the money to supply themselves with food. If the land has been ravished by a natural disaster there may be drought or flooding which will further deplete natural food supplies. They may be even cut off from foreign aid when there is war and political instability. Corrupt politicians who have decided to become the country’s dictators may receive food and distribute the food only to their select members of their elitist groups, thus depriving many citizens of any means of acquiring food to feed their families.
    Unstable Governments
    At the root of poverty and hunger in developing countries is war and political instability, which usually coincides with an unstable government. Without a stable government, the people may be subjected to an imbalance of power where only the elite governing faction of the country will receive needed food supplies.
    Unstable governments usually do not provide the infrastructure necessary to sustain natural disasters that can cause flooding and drought. Flooding and drought will make the regional areas where the people live unsuitable for farming and growing foods for the masses. The areas racked by floods in addition will also be disease ravaged causing even more hunger and poverty.
    Foreign aid in these cases will at best feed people as emergency relief. But in some cases foreign aid may not even get to the people due to war and political instability and the unstable government. One faction may prevent the aid from reaching starving people of another faction.
    Environmental Pollution
    When a country is devastated by disease caused by infrastructure that is lacking such as inadequate plumbing for clean water supplies, or flooded conditions that make the land unsuitable for farming,  or a cycle of disease, poverty, natural disaster, and environmental pollution coupled with population growth, these elements all work together to create more and more poverty and hunger.
    The water may become so contaminated as to not be suitable for drinking. Forests are depleted, causing soil erosion, and desertification.
    Therefore, although world food production is growing, world hunger has increased. World food production doesn’t account for regional food production. In developing countries as opposed to developed countries, due to a continuing cycle of natural disaster, unstable governments, and environmental degradation, these countries cannot sustain themselves, and the people also may not have the power or money to actively trade on the world market for imported food. Therefore they will rely on their own methods of supplying food, but many will go hungry.
    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 7th May 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: carbon offsetting, climate change economics, reducing carbon footprint   

    Carbon Offsets and Global Warming 

    Image from Sergey Kustov on Wikipedia, CC3 Licensed(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en)


    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey
    Carbon Offsets are an attempt by various organizations, companies, and people to offset the amount of energy and pollutants they use, by buying into charitable causes that work to alleviate the disastrous effects of toxic chemicals spewed into the atmosphere with high energy use. This is seen as a positive step to alleviate the burden of global warming in the 21st century. At least something is being done.
    Carbon Neutral is the new catch phrase for carbon offsets. Airline companies, environmentalists, politicians, and entrepreneurs are getting into the act. It is something new for the consumer to purchase to alleviate his guilt in his use of carbon fuels and high-energy usage.
    Silverjet is the first trans-Atlantic carrier to offer the Carbon-Neutral airline package. Silverjet puts $28 of each round trip ticket into a global fund that gets rid of as much carbon dioxide as the plane generates.
    The idea is to sell carbon offsets in global warming projects in amounts that are equal to emissions generated by the buyer.
    So far the trade in carbon offsets amounts to $100 million per year. However there is a wide variation in pricing and the cheapest prices may not be legitimate.
    Americans average about 20 tons of carbon dioxide per year in heating and cooling their homes, driving cars, and flying in airplanes. Global citizens of the planet average 4.5 tons of carbon dioxide per year.
    That is a lot of carbon dioxide tonnage that is affecting global warming. Can the carbon offsets equal this amount? And shouldn’t the offsets be more than equal amounts, because we are trying to stop the terrible effects of CO2 on the environment, which is causing global warming? If the offsets only equal the dangerous emissions, that is equivalent to breaking even. We need to go beyond the break-even point to achieve substantial reductions in global warming.
    Critics of offsetting worry about people thinking they have solved the problem with the offset. People might forget about conservation and the effects of global warming. They might not work to reduce their energy consumption or CO2 emissions.
    So far customers for carbon offsets are in the low tens of thousands. The most important aspect of carbon offsetting is that people must realize that they need to cut their energy consumption by about 25% and stop using vehicles that spew so much CO2 into the environment.
    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 29th April 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , food scarcity, usage of water for mining, , water and conflict, water conflict in peru and chile, water scarcity, water water, water water water   

    Will there be wars over the ownership of water? Yes. 

    Image from Graham Dean on Flickr, CC2 licensed


    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey
    Today in many parts of the world there are already conflicts over water rights, so it is very conceivable that wars could be started or fueled by people’s ability to use water. A shortage in water will also lead to shortages in food supply, since water is necessary to grow food.
    In Africa, water is extremely vulnerable. There are very few mountainous regions where ice caps can melt into the flowing waters of rivers, especially in the northwestern and southern regions. This can cause rivers and streams to dry up more quickly and it is already doing that in certain areas where there are high temperatures.
    Global warming will cause less rain to fall in Africa within the next 50 years. With a 20% drop in rainfall, Botswanna will completely dry up and so will Cape Town in South Africa.
    According to professor Adil Najam of Tufts University, “Many people in Africa spend more time and money on acquiring water than nearly any other resource.” He states that when “water becomes scarce, people will do what they must to obtain it.” He also states that water is nonnegotiable and that you don’t stop drinking water because you are poor. African rivers cross international boundaries and less river water may heighten international conflicts, he further states. (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/03/0303_060303_africa_2.html).
    In Peru and Chile there are already conflicts over water between gold and copper mining companies and poor farmers. Many farmers have successfully blocked the start-up of new mines, and the larger more powerful mining companies have instituted a system whereby they extract water from the Pacific Ocean for use in their mining operations. The main large mining companies that have adopted this procedure are Cerro Lindo in Peru and Antofagasta Minerals in Chile.
    “Conflicts over water, especially in Peru, where they often turn violent, have delayed billions of dollars of investments in new mines.” Poor residents are afraid of losing access to fresh water supplies.
    Mining companies typically use billions of gallons of water in their mining operation, which may last 40 years or more.
    According to climate change specialist with the Peruvian government, Alvarez Lam, “The scarcity of water will cause economic conflict – it already has in parts of Peru and it will affect the development of industry.” (www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSN21383591)
    When food and water are in scarce supply the world over this could cause conflicts that could lead to war, or heighten ongoing conflicts between nations. According to Lester R. Brown at (www.earth-policy.org/Books/Seg/PB2ch03_ss2.htm) “Since the overpumping of aquifers is occurring in many countries more or less simultaneously, the depletion of aquifers and the resulting harvest cutbacks could come out roughly the same time. And the accelerating depletion of aquifers means this day may come soon, creating potentially unmanageable food scarcity.”
    What will happen when food is scarce the world over and the waters are also depleted? Water and food are more precious than oil and the metals of gold and silver. We can survive without oil, gold, and silver. But we can’t survive without food and water.
    It is important for people to wake up and understand priorities. Our basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter come first. Food and water are the most basic needs of all.
    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey. All rights reserved.
    [Editor’s comment by Zebulon Goertzel: Indeed, the situation concerning the Nile looks dangerous. Already in 1875-6, Egypt tried to conquer Ethiopia in its quest for control over the whole Nile region. Ethiopia’s construction of the Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, said to be the source of most of the Nile, has provoked threats from Egypt. For now the two countries are negotiating, but when resources become truly scarce, things may get ugly again. There is also the issue of water disputes between India and Pakistan, which have more than enough tensions without the added factor of water. Then there is Central Asia, which is full of poverty and deserts, and has a long history of incessant tribal conflicts; the Soviet Union literally destroyed the biggest lake in the region, the Aral Sea.]

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 29th April 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: biogas facilities, dog poo power generation, electricity from feces, generating power from feces, importance of feces for power generation, pet poop power generation, poop power, poopy power, the power of feces, waste-to-energy conversion   

    Can power be produced from pet feces? 

    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

    Power Generated by Pet Feces
    Power can not only be generated by pet feces, but also by human and livestock feces. The conversion of animal waste to power has been used minimally around the world for quite some time, but more recently there is a greater focus due to our knowledge of the destructive effects of Climate Change. In the late 1970s I wrote a paper in undergraduate school entitled, “Love City: A Planned Urban Environment,” where I envisioned and proposed biological treatment centers at the periphery of the city to decompose and process human and animal waste into a source of power.
    If people could get over their hang-up of using poop power they might realize a better way to deal with an environment that is disintegrating into global warming, groundwater contamination that affects our drinking water, and air pollution in crowded cities.
    It does seem however that a few enlightened beings have decided to embark on the poop power mission and have demonstrated also that it works.
    San Francisco has become the first American City to use pet-poop power by converting dog feces to a renewable energy source. Norcal Waste Management, San Francisco’s waste management contractor noticed the large amount dog feces being picked up and decided on another way to go green in San Francisco.
    San Francisco generates 6,500 tons of dog poop per year. Since January 2006, Norcal has been collecting dog feces throughout the city by depositing dog-waste collection carts complete with biodegradable bags.
    Here’s how it works:
    The pet poop is first put in an anaerobic digester, which uses bacteria to convert organic waste into methane gas. Burning methane produces energy in the form of electricity, natural gas, and liquefied natural gas. The 2 week long digestion process also produces valuable compost for agriculture.”
    (http://www.inhabitat.com/2007/06/19/dog_poop_power_for_san_francisco/)
    Dogs and cats alone contribute nearly 10 million pounds of fecal waste per year, which accounts for 4% of all waste in landfills.
    A few cattle ranchers have also started using this energy producing process saying, “it is a lot cheaper to use the poop.”
    The Anaerobic Digester has been “used in sewage treatment centers for some time now.”
    (http://environmentalgeography.wordpress.com/2007/09/24/power-poop/)
    Rwandan prison facilities recently received the Ashden Award for Sustainable Energy for their work in producing biogas from human waste. Prisoner’s feces are converted to biogas and used for cooking at the prison. It has reduced their wood fuel costs by 60%.
    Due to overpopulation at the prison with huge amounts of human waste being produced, the processing of it had become increasingly difficult with a large proportion of it ending up in the river, polluting the drinking water. They had to do something.
    Rwandan biogas facilities contribute at least half the energy needs to their 30 prisons around the country.
    Biogas is used in homes in Nepal and to power trains in Sweden. Biogas is odorless, as is the odor-free fertilizer also produced through the Anaerobic Digester process.
    (http://www.wired.com/science/planetearth/news/2005/07/68127)
    Ken Silverstein, Energy Biz insider in an article titled “The Appeal of Animal Waste,” states: “The whole idea stinks. But generating heat and power from livestock manure is appealing. The technology is an important component in the fight against climate change. Normally, farms store the waste in a lagoon and then later use it as fertilizer. But that natural decomposition creates methane, which is actually 21 times more potent than carbon dioxide when it come to affecting the Earth’s temperature.”
    Other places getting into the Poop Power act are:
    1) Pacific Gas and Electric. They are teaming up with farms throughout California to use animal waste to create electricity.
    2) Portland General Electric is partnering with dairy farms in Oregon to also convert animal waste to electricity.
    3) The U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Ohio Department of Development are partnering the “digester” program in Ohio.
    (from “The Appeal of Animal Waste by Ken Silverstein, Energy Biz Insider).
    So there you have it. Generating power from pet feces is going to help with global warming. Also all types of feces can get in the act. We sure could generate a lot of clean power by utilizing waste materials more efficiently and this would help tremendously at reducing greenhouse gases responsible for global warming.
    The fact is that Methane Gas is much more potent than CO2 or Carbon Dioxide; and leaving it to seep into soils and groundwater, and to migrate into the atmosphere, is creating devastating pollution effects. We all need to think responsibly about the way the world is headed. Are we headed to extinction or to life? Global warming affects us all.
    Copyright © 2019 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey. All rights reserved.

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 27th April 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: aswan dam, damned dams, dangers of river exploitation, death of great rivers, death of rivers, dying rivers, , future of great rivers, future of water security, grand renaissance dam, killing rivers, rivericide, the evils of hydrotechnology   

    Will Great Rivers Die? Yes. 

    Image of dry river bed from Kolforn on Wikimedia, free to share under CC4 Share-alike Atrribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/)


    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey
    Water is our most important commodity. Without water we can’t live and societies cannot flourish or in some cases cannot even subsist. The rivers of the world which provide the water for agriculture, mining, drinking, and hydroelectric power are in trouble.
    The water tables are declining in many major areas of the world due to global warming, climate change, and the building of dams for irrigation purposes, which results in water evaporation.
    There are two types of aquifers that supply water: replenishable and nonreplenishable. The aquifers of India and North China Plain are replenishable, but the Ogalla aquifer in the United States, the deep aquifers of the North China Plain, and the aquifers of Saudi Arabia are nonreplenishable. The drying of rivers in these areas means the end of agriculture in the southwestern US and the Middle East.
    The hardest-hit areas where rivers are already drying up are:

    • The United States, where the water table has dropped by 100 feet (30 meters) in Southwest US and where thousands of wells have gone dry in the Southern Great Plains.
    • Gujarat, India, where the water table is falling by 20ft/year. 95% of the wells owned by small farmers have dried up.
    • Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Israel, and Mexico are experiencing severe water shortages caused by the overpumping of aquifers.
    • The Colorado River in Southwest United States, the Yellow River in North China, the Nile in Egypt, the Indus in Pakistan, the Ganges in India are all experiencing depletions in river volume and flow. Smaller rivers have disappeared.

    The Colorado River rarely makes it to the sea and is usually drained dry be the time it reaches the Gulf of California. The Yellow River ran dry in 1972 and since 1985 does not reach the sea. The Nile rarely reaches the sea. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are also in trouble. Many of the smaller rivers or tributaries of the great rivers around the world have already dried up.
    Africa will probably be the hardest hit by global warming which will cause less rain to fall in Africa within the next 50 years. A small decrease in rainfall can cause a substantial decrease in available river water. The prediction is a 10 to 20% reduction in rainfall by 2070. [1]
    Today the copper and gold mines in Chile and Peru are pumping water in from the Pacific Ocean to lessen the stress on streams and waterways within the farming districts of these areas. But how much water can be pumped from the oceans?
    So will our great rivers die? It all depends on how the people of the world relate to this problem of global warming and climate change and how they go about trying to conserve water, the ecosystems, and the environment. It might also depend on evolutionary forces.
    According to research scientists at the Met Office Hadley Centre, the University of Exeter, and the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, the increase of carbon dioxide levels will cause plants to use less water, which will allow more water for rivers causing “river flow increases.” [2]
    So will some rivers dry up and new rivers form? Or will all rivers dry up? Without human intervention regarding the detrimental causes of environmental pollution, global warming, and climate change, the rivers will continually dry up. However without any intervention whatsoever, the rivers will dry up, and new rivers may form.
    Didn’t the great Mississippi River form millions of years ago through the melting of glacial ice caps? So isn’t it possible that the glacial ice caps melting in the Himalayan Mountains could foster new rivers forming in China? However we are reading that the glacial ice caps melting in China due to global warming are causing rivers to dry up. But the Himalayan glaciers are melting at an “unprecedented rate” and the rivers are drying up due to temperature rising and “over-exploitation” of water systems. [3]
    So will our great rivers die? Our Great Rivers are the Mississippi, the Thames, the Amazon, the Nile, the Zambezi, the Yangtze, and the Volga. They are still intact and sometimes overflowing. New waterways are continually formed due to changes in rainfall and temperatures. These will empty into the great rivers.
    But still man must make every endeavor to not overuse our natural resources and find more efficient methods for power and irrigation. Dams and hydroelectric power are helping to kill our rivers.
    We need our Great Rivers for the survival of the human race and the animal kingdom.
    References:
    [1] http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/03/0303_060303_africa_2.html
    [2] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/09/070905083617.htm
    [3] http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2007/06/20/1993/
    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey. All rights reserved. Minor edits made by Mr. Goertzel.

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 7th April 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: advantages of organic shopping, hepling small farmers, how to help small farmers, small farmers   

    How to Help Small Farmers Around the World 


    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey
    The best way to help small farmers around the world is to first think of climate change, global warming, the environment, and natural disasters. These issues all affect on how well a small farmer can utilize his land for optimum crop yields.
    Education
    In almost all cases, education is the best way to help the small farmer. Due to changing weather patterns and environmental conditions, small farmers should be taught all aspects of sustainable farming such as how to replenish degraded soils, how to prevent land erosion, how to stabilize existing erosion, planting the right crops for a region, planting the right crops for the climate and weather, crop rotation, how not to use chemical fertilizers, alternatives to pesticides and herbicides, composting, growing food during a natural disaster, and the economics of farming.
    Agricultural organizations
    Agricultural organizations worldwide should gear themselves to helping the small farmer by providing funding, education, and farming agents. Agricultural organizations should also study small farms everywhere to determine the needs of specific geographical regions and provide written materials to farmers in these regions on how to best utilize their lands according to weather and climate patterns.
    Community economics
    A good example of how to help farmers in developing countries is the Community Economic Development program at Southern New Hampshire University that offers a program for international students. Students come from many different developing countries to learn the economics of operating sustainable farms in their communities. They take back to their community better ways to operate their farms to yield the best crops under their existing conditions.
    Other agricultural organizations, universities and colleges, environmental organizations, and NGOs could offer similar programs to help the small farmer.
    The individual
    As a member of society, any person who wanted to help the small farmers of the world could volunteer their time at one of the organizations that helps small farmers. In order to do this, a person should become familiar with best farming practices such as organic farming, sustainable agriculture, community gardens, best environmental practices for growing healthy and nutritious foods, and how to combat natural disasters. Once a person feels he knows the essentials about good farming he should volunteer his services.
    Buy locally
    Another way to help the small farmers around the world is to buy locally. Buy local produce in your own community. Local produce is usually grown by small farmers. Buy buying locally you are supporting your own community. If everyone supported their own community all communities would benefit.
    Buy organic
    If you are purchasing imported foods such as coconuts, pineapples, bananas, and coffee it is best to buy organic, because these organic products are usually grown by small farmers in developing countries. They need your support to continue farming as small farmers. If you continually buy foods at supermarkets that are not organic you are not helping small farmers, you are helping multinational conglomerate farms that pollute the soil, our water systems, and contribute to global warming and climate change, thus creating a vicious cycle of environmental degradation, poor food quality, and small farmers who will have no way of making a living.
    In conclusion, to help small farmers worldwide, buy locally and organic; and support organizations that educate and fund small farmers around the world.
    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 7th March 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: freshwater inland wetlands, importance of wetlands, wetlands, wetlands and biodiversity, wetlands and human survival, wetlands and the clean water act   

    Why freshwater inland wetlands are important 


    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey
    Freshwater inland wetlands are environmentally and ecologically important for people, animals, fish, and birds. Due to excessive development in wetlands many natural flood-control methods have been lost. It is really important that all people understand that wetlands are important to the survival of humans and all other species, and oppose any development of these important ecological land areas. Development refers to building homes in wetland areas by filling in the wetlands and putting in sewer systems and plumbing. This development building and destroying wetlands destroys the natural habitats for wildlife. It also destroys the renewal of aquifers that provide fresh drinking water to millions of people.
    What are freshwater inland wetlands?
    Inland wetlands are land areas away from coastal areas such as marshes, prairie potholes, mud flats, floodplain wetlands, wet meadows, swamps, and the summer wetland arctic tundra. Wetlands are all different and manifest differently according to the ecology of the land.
    Seasonal wetlands
    Seasonal wetlands last for only a short time each year. At this time seasonal wetlands many be underground or soggy. Seasonal wetlands may also stay dry for years and then fill up with water again. These wetlands can be distinguished by the plants growing there such as cattails, red maples, or bulrushes.
    Year-round wetlands
    Year-round wetlands are covered with water throughout the year. Year-round wetlands may be prairie potholes, bottomland hardwood swamps, or floodplain wetlands.
    Important ecological and economic roles
    Inland wetlands such as described above play important ecological and economic roles by providing food and habitats to fish, migrating birds, and other wildlife that depend on these natural areas.
    Inland wetlands improve the quality of water. Inland wetlands filter, dilute, and degrade toxic wastes, nutrients, sediments, and other pollutants. This water quality protection according to the Audubon Society is worth at least 1.6 billion dollars per year.
    The floodplain wetlands reduce flooding and erosion. Floodplain wetlands absorb stormwater and overflows from rivers, lakes, and streams; and then release it slowly, thus preventing massive flooding.  According to the Audubon Society, if people continue to destroy wetlands or destroy all the wetlands left in America, flood control costs would rise to 7.7 to 31 billion dollars per year.
    Inland wetlands play an important role in groundwater supplies, which is the primary source of water for half the US population. Globally, inland wetlands are important for carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and water cycles. Inland wetlands are important for the production of cranberry, blueberry, and rice worldwide.
    Wetlands are protected under the Clean Water Act
    Wetlands are protected under the Clean Water Act, but farmers and developers have been pressuring Congress to revise the definition of wetlands so that they can subvert the protection offered by the Clean Water Act. According to the US Army Corps of Engineers and EPA, under these new provisions at least 60 to 73 percent of US wetlands would lose protection.
    Conclusion
    Inland wetlands are very important to the survival of humans and wildlife. They should not be destroyed for political gain or profit, but protected and allowed to continue for the sake of flood control, water quality, and a source of food and habitat for endangered wildlife.
    Additional reference:
    Miller, G. Tyler Jr., Living in the Environment, tenth edition, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1998.
    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on 27th February 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Apocalyptic music, global ecological crises, insect apocalypse, lyatoshynsky ballad, , Mosolov Sonata 2 Free Download, Roslavets Piano Trio 2 Free Download, Roslavets Piano Trio 4 Free Download,   

    State of the Modern World Address — February 2019 


     
    ONGOING APOCALYPSE FOR INSECTS AND VERTEBRATES
    The Catastrophic Decline of Insects & Animals: The Facts, and What You Can Do About It
     
    APOCALYPTIC MUSIC SELECTION
    Scriabin’s “Insects and Sunlight” Sonata:

     
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