World Hunger Increasing despite Growth in Food Production

By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey
World hunger keeps rising, especially in the developing world of the Indian subcontinent and sub-Saharan Africa, although there is steady growth in world food production. Food production is rising, but according to some sources it may peak due to climate change and global warming causing food production to fall even in the developed countries of which there is some indication that this is already beginning to happen. However, for now, world food production has been steadily rising, although falling in some areas such as in grains.
Although there is steady growth in world food production, this growth may be concentrated in a few areas such as in developed countries as opposed to developing countries. Regional hunger and poverty is due to wars, political instability, and natural disasters. Also the population around the world is steadily rising, causing more food to be needed by all world peoples.
Population Growth
In all countries everywhere the population continues to grow, putting a strain on the world’s food supplies. Although a country may be at war, causing political instability, the citizens of that country continue to live their lives, marrying and having families. Therefore with more people each country will need more food. But if the country is poor, food supplies will dwindle. The people themselves may not have the power or the money to supply themselves with food. If the land has been ravished by a natural disaster there may be drought or flooding which will further deplete natural food supplies. They may be even cut off from foreign aid when there is war and political instability. Corrupt politicians who have decided to become the country’s dictators may receive food and distribute the food only to their select members of their elitist groups, thus depriving many citizens of any means of acquiring food to feed their families.
Unstable Governments
At the root of poverty and hunger in developing countries is war and political instability, which usually coincides with an unstable government. Without a stable government, the people may be subjected to an imbalance of power where only the elite governing faction of the country will receive needed food supplies.
Unstable governments usually do not provide the infrastructure necessary to sustain natural disasters that can cause flooding and drought. Flooding and drought will make the regional areas where the people live unsuitable for farming and growing foods for the masses. The areas racked by floods in addition will also be disease ravaged causing even more hunger and poverty.
Foreign aid in these cases will at best feed people as emergency relief. But in some cases foreign aid may not even get to the people due to war and political instability and the unstable government. One faction may prevent the aid from reaching starving people of another faction.
Environmental Pollution
When a country is devastated by disease caused by infrastructure that is lacking such as inadequate plumbing for clean water supplies, or flooded conditions that make the land unsuitable for farming,  or a cycle of disease, poverty, natural disaster, and environmental pollution coupled with population growth, these elements all work together to create more and more poverty and hunger.
The water may become so contaminated as to not be suitable for drinking. Forests are depleted, causing soil erosion, and desertification.
Therefore, although world food production is growing, world hunger has increased. World food production doesn’t account for regional food production. In developing countries as opposed to developed countries, due to a continuing cycle of natural disaster, unstable governments, and environmental degradation, these countries cannot sustain themselves, and the people also may not have the power or money to actively trade on the world market for imported food. Therefore they will rely on their own methods of supplying food, but many will go hungry.
Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey